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2012考研英语四月份基础阶段测试题及答案

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日期:2012-04-13

2012考研 英语四月份基础阶段测试题

Section I Structure and Vocabulary

Directions:

Beneath each of the following sentences, there are four choices marked [A], [B], [C] and [D]. Choose the one that best completes the sentence and put your choice in the ANSWER SHEET (20 points)

1. As scheduled, the communications satellite went into ________ round the earth.

[A] circle [B] orbit [C] path [D] course

2. I don’t want to lend any more money to him; he’s already in debt ________ me.

[A] to [B] for [C] of [D] with

3. ________ to speak when the audience interrupted him.

[A] Hardly had he begun [B] No sooner had he begun

[C] Not until he began [D] Scarcely did he begin

4. Jean Wagner’s most enduring contribution to the study of Afro-American poetry is his insistence that it ____ in a religious, as well as worldly, frame of reference.

[A]is to be analyzed [B]has been analyzed

[C]be analyzed [D]should have been analyzed

5. Humble ____ it may be, there’s no place like home, where he may go.

[A]although [B]as [C]how [D]which

6. Although he thought he was helping us prepare the dinner, he was actually ________ the way.

[A] in [B] by [C] off [D] on

7. Although the false banknotes fooled many people, they did not close examination.

[A] put up [B] keep up [C] stand up to [D] look up to

8. Anna was reading a piece of science fiction, completely ________ to the outside world.

[A] being lost [B] having lost [C] losing [D] lost

9. Our modern civilization must not be thought of as ________ in a short period of time.

[A] being created [B] to have been created

[C] having been created [D] to be created

10. The students expected there ________ more reviewing classes before the final exam.

[A] is [B] being [C] have been [D] to be

11. The patient has been ________ of the safety of the operation.

[A] assured [B] guaranteed [C] entrusted [D] confirmed

12. Will you ________ this passage to see if there is any misprint?

[A] look up [B] go over [C] dwell on [D] work out

13. The album is as it was the only one ever signed by the President.

[A] unusual [B] unique [C] rare [D] singular

14. Prof. Ward hardly ever went to the theater.

[A] neither the cinema nor [B] neither the cinema or

[C] either the cinema or [D] either the cinema nor

15. The bank is reported ________ in the local newspaper in broad daylight yesterday.

[A] to be robbed [B] robbed

[C] to have been robbed [D] having been robbed

16. Talk to anyone in the drug industry, you’ll soon discover that the science of genetics is the biggest thing to hit drug research since penicillin was discovered.

[A] or [B] so [C] for [D] and

17. Had Paul received six more votes in the last election, he ________ our chairman now.

[A] must have been [B] would have been [C] were [D] would be

18. Stressful environments lead to unhealthy behaviors such as poor eating habits, which ________ increase the risk of heart disease.

[A] in turn [B] in return [C] by chance [D] by turns

19. The tourist is prevented from entering a country if he does not have ________ passport.

[A] an operative [B] a valid [C] an efficient [D] an effective

20. The project requires more labor than ________.

[A] has been put in [B] have been put in [C] being put in [D] to be put in

Section II Use of English

Directions:

Read the following text. Choose the best word(s) for each numbered blank and put your choice in the ANSWER SHEET. (10 points)

Reading to oneself is a modern activity which was almost unknown to the scholars of the classical and 21 worlds, while during the fifteenth century the term “reading” 22 meant reading aloud. Only during the nineteenth century did silent reading become commonplace. ­One should be wary, however, of 23 that silent reading came about simply because reading aloud is a(n) 24 to others. Examination of factors related to the 25 development of silent reading reveals that it became the usual mode of reading for most adult reading tasks mainly because the tasks themselves changed in 26 .

The last century saw a steady gradual increase in 27 , and thus in the number of readers. As readers increased, the number of potential listeners 28 , and thus there was some 29 in the need to read aloud. As reading for the benefit of listeners grew less common, so came the flourishing of reading as a 30 activity in such public places as libraries, railway carriages and offices, where reading aloud would 31 distraction to other readers.

Towards the end of the century there was still 32 argument over whether books should be used for information or treated 33 , and over whether the reading of material such as newspapers was in some way 34 weakening. Indeed this argument remains with us still in education. 35 , its virtues, the old shared literacy culture had gone and was 36 by the printed mass media on the one hand and by books and periodicals for a 37 readership on the other.

By the end of the century students were being recommended to adopt attitudes to books and to use skills in reading them which were inappropriate, 38 not impossible, for the oral reader. The social, cultural, and technological changes in the century had greatly 39 what the term “reading” 40 .

21.

[A] contemporary

[B] modern

[C] medieval

[D] western

22.

[A] undoubtedly

[B] really

[C] absolutely

[D] accordingly

23.

[A] imagining

[B] consuming

[C] resuming

[D] assuming

24.

[A] interruption

[B] distraction

[C] bother

[D] pressure

25.

[A] historical

[B] historic

[C] history

[D] historian

26.

[A] quality

[B] character

[C] personality

[D] distinctiveness

27.

[A] literate

[B] illiterate

[C] literacy

[D] literature

28.

[A] receded

[B] declined

[C] increased

[D] expanded

29.

[A] limitation

[B] necessity

[C] reduction

[D] shrink

30.

[A] private

[B] overt

[C] public

[D] secret

31.

[A] cause

[B] effect

[C] produce

[D] realize

32.

[A] considerable

[B] considerate

[C] moderate

[D] immoderate

33.

[A] respectively

[B] honorably

[C] respectfully

[D] relatively

34.

[A] largely

[B] intelligently

[C] mentally

[D] physically

35.

[A] However

[B]Whatever

[C] Whichever

[D] Wherever

36.

[A] replaced

[B] taken

[C] followed

[D] distinguished

37.

[A] specific

[B] special

[C] specified

[D] specialized

38.

[A] and

[B] if

[C] but

[D] or

39.

[A] translated

[B] differed

[C] shifted

[D] altered

40.

[A] inferred

[B] advised

[C] induced

[D] implied

 

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