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北大曹其军老师英语阅读理解20篇(三)

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日期:2012-03-21
一塌糊涂(www.ytht.net)

           Passage 11

Dream is a story that a person“watches”or even takes part in during sleep. Dream events are imaginary, but they are related to real experiences and needs in the dreamer’s life. They seem real while they are taking place. Some dreams are pleasant, others are annoying, and still others are frightening.

Everyone dreams, but some persons never recall dreaming. Others remember only a little about a dream they had just before awakening and nothing about earlier dreams. No one recalls all his dreams.

Dreams involve little logical thought. In most dreams, the dreamer cannot control what happens to him. The story may be confusing, and things happen that would not happen in real life. People see in most dreams, but they may also hear, smell, touch, and taste in their dreams. Most dreams occur in color. but persons who have been blind since birth do not see at all in dreams.

Dreams are a product of the sleeper’s mind. They include events and feelings that he has experienced. Most dreams are related to events of the day before the dream and strong wishes of the dreamer. Many minor incidents of the hours before sleep appear in dreams. Few events more than two days old turn up. Deep wishes or fears - especially those held since childhood- often appear in dreams, and many dreams fulfil such wishes. Events in the sleeper’s surrounding- a loud noise, for example, may become part of a dream, but they do not cause dreams.

Some dreams involve deep feelings that a person may not realize he has. Psychiatrists(精神病医生) often use material from a patient’s dreams to help the person understand himself better.

Dreaming may help maintain good learning ability, memory, and emotional adjustment. People who get plenty of sleep-but are awakened each time they begin to dream- become anxious and restless.

51. This passage is mainly about     .

A) why we dream during sleep

B) how we dream during sleep

C) what dreams are

D) what benefits dreams bring to people

52. According to the passage, dreams result from     .

A) the sleeper’s wishes

B) the sleeper’s imagination

C) the sleeper’s feeling

D) the sleeper’s own mind

53. Which of the following is NOT true?

A) Dream is a confusing story which involves little logic thought.

B) Dream is related to the dreamer’s real life.

C) Dream is an imaginary store which seems real while taking place.

D) Dream involves events that always happen in real life.

54. This passage suggests that psychiatrists are      .

A) trying to help the dreamer recall his earlier dreams.

B) trying to make the sleeper dream logically.

C) studying the benefits of dreams.

D) helping the sleeper fulfill his dreams

55. We may infer form the passage that dreaming     .

A) is beneficial to people

B) disturbs people’s life

C) makes people always restless

D) deprives people of a good sleep

Passage 12

According to psychologists(心理学家), an emotion is aroused when a man or animal views something as either bad or good. When a person feels like running away from something he thinks will hurt him, we call this emotion fear. if the person wants to remove the danger by attacking it, we call the emotion anger. The emotions of joy and love are aroused when we think something can help us. An emotion does not have to be created by something in the outside world. it can be created by a person’s thoughts.

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